Ecosystemic methods for creative domains: niche construction and boundary formation
Oliver Bown, Jon McCormack and T. Kowaliw, Ecosystemic methods for creative domains: niche construction and boundary formation. 2011 IEEE Symposium on Artificial Life (IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence - SSCI 2011) April 11-15, 2011 - Paris, France, IEEE 2011, ISBN: 978-1-4577-0470-3, pp. 132-139
This paper examines how models from ecology and evolutionary multi-agent systems can be used for creative applications. We outline a minimal, general specification for an ecosystem to be applied to the production of creative artefacts, based on spaces, materials, features and actions. Using this specification, we consider how basic evolutionary principles based on niche construction can be used to establish the emergence of heterogeneous structures in the simplest imaginable cases to which our framework applies. We investigate the minimal conditions for the formation and maintenance of boundaries, and then apply the results of our initial models to the design of a creative artwork, contrasting differences between niche-constructing and neutral evolutionary models.
F. J. Odling-Smee, K. N. Laland, and M. W. Feldman, Niche construction: The neglected process in evolution. Princeton, USA: Princeton University Press, 2003, no. 37.
C. Jones, J. Lawton, and M. Shachak, "Organisms as ecosystem engineers," Oikos, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 373-386, 1994. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3545850
M. Conrad and H. H. Pattee, "Evolution experiments with an artificial ecosystem," Journal of Theoretical Biology, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 393-409, 1970. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-5193(70)90077-9
J. Brewster and M. Conrad, "Computer experiments on the development of niche specialization in an artificial ecosystem," in Proceedings of the 1999 Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC 99), vol. 1. IEEE, 1999, pp. 439-444. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/CEC.1999.781957
M. Rönkkö, "An artificial ecosystem: Emergent dynamics and lifelike properties," Artificial Life, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 159-187, 2007. http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/artl.2007.13.2.159
J. McCormack, "Eden: An evolutionary sonic ecosystem," Advances in Artificial Life, Proceedings of the Sixth European Conference, ECAL, vol. LNCS 2159, pp. 133-142, 2001. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/3-540-44811-X_13
J. McCormack, "Artificial ecosystems for creative discovery," in Proceedings of the 9th annual conference on Genetic and evolutionary computation (GECCO 2007). ACM, 2007, pp. 301-307. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1276958.1277017
D. L. DeAngelis and W. M. Mooij, "Individual-based modeling of ecological and evolutionary processes," Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst., vol. 36, pp. 147-168, 2005.
E. A. Di Paolo, "Social coordination and spatial organization: Steps towards the evolution of communication," in Fourth European Conference on Artificial Life, P. Husbands and I. Harvey, Eds. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press, 1997, pp. 464-473.
M. Silver and E. Di Paolo, "Spatial effects favour the evolution of niche construction," Theoretical Population Biology, vol. 70, no. 4, pp. 387-400, 2006. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tpb.2006.08.003
R. Suzuki and T. Arita, "How spatial locality can affect the evolution of niche construction," in Proceedings of Artificial Life X, 2006, pp. 452-458.
R. Axelrod, The Evolution of Cooperation. Basic Books, 1984.
M. Whitelaw, Metacreation: art and artificial life. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2004.
C. W. Reynolds, "Flocks, herds and schools: A dstributed behavioural model," in Computer Graphics (SIGGRAPH '87 Conference Proceedings), vol. 21, no. 4, 1987, pp. 25-34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/37401.37406
T. Blackwell and M. Young, "Self-organised music," Organised Sound, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 137-150, 2004. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1355771804000214
E. Driessens and M. Verstappen, "Natural processes and artificial procedures," in Design by Evolution: Advances in Evolutionary Design, ser. Natural Computing Series, P. F. Hingston, L. C. Barone, and M. Zbigniew, Eds. Springer Verlag, 2008, ch. 5, pp. 101-120. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-74111-4_7
A. Eldridge and A. Dorin, "Filterscape: Energy recycling in a creative ecosystem," in Proceedings of EvoWorkshops 2009, M. Giacobini et al., Eds., vol. LNCS 5484, 2009. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-01129-0_57
J. McCormack, "Enhancing creativity with niche construction," in Artificial Life XII. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2010, pp. 525-532.
G. R. Greenfield, "Co-evolutionary methods in evolutionary art," in The Art of Artificial Evolution: A Handbook on Evolutionary Art and Music, J. Romero and P. Machado, Eds. Springer-Verlag: Heidelberg, Germany, 2008, pp. 357-381. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-72877-1_17
A. Dorin, "A survey of virtual ecosystems in generative electronic art," in The Art of Artificial Evolution: A Handbook on Evolutionary Art and Music, P. Machado and J. Romero, Eds. Springer-Verlag: Heidelberg, Germany, 2008, pp. 289-309. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-72877-1_14
M. Hemberg, U.-M. O'Reilley, A. Menges, K. Jonas, M. d. C. Gonçalves, and S. R. Fuchs, "Genr8: Architects' experience with an emergent design tool," in The Art of Artificial Evolution: A Handbook on Evolutionary Art and Music, J. Romero and P. Machado, Eds. Springer- Verlag: Heidelberg, Germany, 2008, pp. 167-188.
A. J. Keane and S. M. Brown, "The design of a satellite boom with enhanced vibration performance using genetic algorithm techniques." in Conference on Adaptive Computing in Engineering Design and Control 96, I. C. Parmee, Ed. P.E.D.C., 1996, pp. 107-113. http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.415300
J. McCormack and O. Bown, "Life's what you make: Niche construction and evolutionary art," in Applications of Evolutionary Computing: EvoWorkshops 2009, 2009.
R. L. Day, K. N. Laland, and J. Odling-Smee, "Rethinking adaptation: the niche-construction perspective," Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 80-95, 2003. http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/pbm.2003.0003
M. Silver and E. D. Paolo, "Spatial effects favour the evolution of niche construction," Theoretical Population Biology, vol. 70, pp. 387-400, 2006. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tpb.2006.08.003