GENE ARCH: An Evolution-Based Generative Design System for Sustainable Architecture

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Luisa Caldas: GENE_ARCH: An Evolution-Based Generative Design System for Sustainable Architecture, in I.F.C. Smith (Ed.): Intelligent Computing in Engineering and Architecture EG-ICE, LNAI 4200, pp. 109-118, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2006.



GENE_ARCH is an evolution-based Generative Design System that uses adaptation to shape energy-efficient and sustainable architectural solutions. The system applies goal-oriented design, combining a Genetic Algorithm (GA) as the search engine, with DOE2.1E building simulation software as the evaluation module. The GA can work either as a standard GA or as a Pareto GA, for multicriteria optimization. In order to provide a full view of the capacities of the software, different applications are discussed: 1) Standard GA: testing of the software; 2) Standard GA: incorporation of architecture design intentions, using a building by architect Alvaro Siza; 3) Pareto GA: choice of construction materials, considering cost, building energy use, and embodied energy; 4) Pareto GA: application to Siza’s building; 5) Standard GA: Shape generation with single objective function; 6) Pareto GA: shape generation with multicriteria; 7) Pareto GA: application to an urban and housing context. Overall conclusions from the different applications are discussed.

Extended Abstract


booktitle={Intelligent Computing in Engineering and Architecture},
series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
editor={Smith, IanF.C.},
title={GENE_ARCH: An Evolution-Based Generative Design System for Sustainable Architecture},
url={, },
publisher={Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
author={Caldas, Luisa},

Used References

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7. Caldas, L.: Pareto Genetic Algorithms in Architecture Design: An Application to Multicriteria Optimization Problems. In: Proceedings of PLEA 2002, Toulouse, France, July 2002, pp. 37–45 (2002)

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10. Caldas, L.: Evolving Three-Dimensional Architecture Form: An Application to Low-Energy Design. In: Gero, J. (ed.) Artificial Intelligence in Design 2002, pp. 351–370. Kluwer Publishers, The Netherlands (2002)

11. Caldas, L.: Three-Dimensional Shape Generation of Low-Energy Architecture Solutions using Pareto GA’s. In: Proceedings of ECAADE 2005, Lisbon, September 21-24, pp. 647–654 (2005)

12. Duarte, J., Rocha, J., Ducla-Soares, G., Caldas, L.: An Urban Grammar for the Medina of Marrakech: A Tool for the Design of Cities in Developing Countries. In: Proceedings of Design Computing and Cognition 2006 (2006) (accepted for publications)

13. Duarte, J., Rocha, J., Ducla-Soares, G.: A Patio-house Shape Grammar for the Medina of Marrakech. In: Proceedings of ECAADE 2006 (2006) (accepted for publications)


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