Aesthetics of Hand-Drawn vs. Computer-Generated Stippling

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Ross Maciejewski, Tobias Isenberg, William M. Andrews, David S. Ebert, Mario Costa Sousa: Aesthetics of Hand-Drawn vs. Computer-Generated Stippling. In: Douglas W. Cunningham, Gary W. Meyer, László Neumann, Alan Dunning, Raquel Paricio (Eds.):Eurographics Workshop on Computational Aesthetics, 2007. 53-56



Recent work in non-photorealistic rendering has produced results comparable to hand-drawn artistic images. Inspiration for such techniques has come from many traditional artistic techniques, such as pen-and-ink, to depict tone, depth, and shape. These techniques can create visually appealing images and increase understanding as is evident in their use in medical textbooks, popular science, etc. However, when computer-generated images are visually compared to similar hand-drawn images, studies have shown that subjects are generally able to determine differences between both images. This seems to indicate that there are different aesthetics associated with computer-generated images and hand-drawn images. This paper discusses the implications of varying aesthetics amongst hand-drawn and computer-generated images, focusing particularly on the application of stippling to provide tone and shape to an image.

Extended Abstract


author = {Maciejewski, Ross and Isenberg, Tobias and Andrews, William M. and Ebert, David S. and Sousa, Mario Costa},
title = {Aesthetics of Hand-drawn vs. Computer-generated Stippling},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the Third Eurographics Conference on Computational Aesthetics in Graphics, Visualization and Imaging},
series = {Computational Aesthetics'07},
year = {2007},
isbn = {978-3-905673-43-2},
location = {Alberta, Canada},
pages = {53--56},
numpages = {4},
url = {, },
doi = {10.2312/COMPAESTH/COMPAESTH07/053-056},
acmid = {2381263},
publisher = {Eurographics Association},
address = {Aire-la-Ville, Switzerland, Switzerland},

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