Combinatorics in the Art of the Twentieth Century

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Lali Barrière: Combinatorics in the Art of the Twentieth Century. In: Bridges 2017, Pages 321–328.



This paper is motivated by a question I asked myself: How can combinatorial structures be used in a work of art? Immediately, other questions arose: Whether there are artists that work or think combinatorially? If so, what works have they produced in this way? What are the similarities and differences between art works produced using combinatorics? This paper presents the first results of the attempt to answer these questions, being a survey of a selection of works that use or contain combinatorics in some way, including music, literature and visual arts, focusing on the twentieth century.

Extended Abstract


 author      = {Lali Barri\`{e}re},
 title       = {Combinatorics in the Art of the Twentieth Century},
 pages       = {321--328},
 booktitle   = {Proceedings of Bridges 2017: Mathematics, Art, Music, Architecture, Education, Culture},
 year        = {2017},
 editor      = {David Swart, Carlo H. S\'equin, and Krist\'of Fenyvesi},
 isbn        = {978-1-938664-22-9},
 issn        = {1099-6702},
 publisher   = {Tessellations Publishing},
 address     = {Phoenix, Arizona},
 note        = {Available online at \url{}}

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