Evolution of fractal shapes for artists and designers
Lutton, E.: Evolution of fractal shapes for artists and designers. International Journal on Artificial Intelligence Tools 15(4), 651–672 (2006)
We analyse in this paper the way randomness is considered and used in ArtiE-Fract. ArtiE-Fract is an interactive software, that allows the user (artist or designer) to explore the space of fractal 2D shapes with help of an interactive genetic programming scheme. The basic components of ArtiE-Fract are first described, then we focus on its use by two artists, illustrated by samples of their works. These "real life" tests have led us to implement additional components in the software. It seems obvious for the people who use ArtiE-Fract that this system is a versatile tool for creation, especially regarding the specific use of controlled random components.
P. J. Angeline, Evolving fractal movies, Genetic Programming 1996: Proceedings of the First Annual Conference, eds. John R. Koza (1996) pp. 503–511.
W. Banzhaf , Handbook of Evolutionary Computation ( Oxford University Press , 1997 ) .
M. Barnsley and S. Demko, Proceedings of the Royal Society A 399, 243 (1985).
M. F. Barnsley , Fractals Everywhere ( Academic Press , N.Y. , 1988 ) .
J. Chapuis and E. Lutton , Artie-fract: Interactive evolution of fractals , 4th International Conference on Generative Art ( 2001 ) .
P. Collet, Genetic Programming and Evolvable Machines Journal 1(4), 339 (2000).
K. Daoudi , E. Lutton and J. Levy Vehel , Fractals in Engineering ( Montreal , 1994 ) .
B. Forte, F. Mendivil and E. R. Vrscay, SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis 29(4), 878 (1998). [ISI]
D. A. Goldberg , Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization, and Machine Learning ( Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, inc. , Reading, MA , 1989 ) .
J. Hutchinson, Indiana University Journal of Mathematics 30, 713 (1981). [ISI]
A. E. Jacquin, Proc. of the IEEE 81(10), 1451 (1993). [ISI]
S. Kamohara , H. Takagi and T. Takeda , Control rule acquisition for an arm wrestling robot , IEEE Int. Conf. on System, Man and Cybernetics (SMC'97) ( 1997 ) .
B. B. Mandelbrot , The Fractal Geometry Of Nature ( W.H. Freeman and company , 1977 ) .
N. Monmarche , Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1829 , Artificial Evolution, European Conference, AE 99, Dunkerque, France, November 1999, Selected papers ( 1999 ) ( Springer Verlag , 1999 ) .
R. Poli and S. Cagnoni , Genetic programming with user-driven selection: Experiments on the evolution of algorithms for image enhancement , 2nd Annual Conf. on Genetic Programming ( 1997 ) .
F. Raynal , Manipulation of non-linear ifs attractors using genetic programming , CEC99, Congress on Evolutionary Computation, July 6-9, Washington DC. USA ( 1999 ) ( 1999 ) .
S. Rooke. The evolutionary art of steven rooke. http://www.azstarnet.com/~srooke/ .
H. Rowley. Interactive mutation of IFS Fractals. http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~har/GeneticArt.html .
D. Saupe and R. Hamzaoui. A bibliography for fractal image compression, 1996 .
K. Sims, Computer Graphics 25(4), 319 (1991).
H. Takagi , Interactive evolutionary computation: System optimisation based on human subjective evaluation , IEEE Int. Conf. on Intelligent Engineering Systems (INES'98) ( 1998 ) .
H. Takagi and M. Ohsaki , Iec-based hearing aids fitting , IEEE Int. Conf. on System, Man and Cybernetics (SMC'99) ( 1999 ) .
S. J. P. Todd and W. Latham , Evolutionary Art and Computers ( Academic Press , 1992 ) .
J. Ventrella, Tweaks. http://www.ventrella.com/Tweaks/FractalStudio/index.html .
J. Lévy Véhel and E. Lutton (eds.) , Fractals in Engineering: New Trends in Theory and Applications ( Springer Verlag , 2005 ) .
I. Yoshiaki, Interactive Evolution of Genetic Fractals. http://www.asahi-net.or.jp/~hq8y-ishm/gp.html, http://www.bekkoame.ne.jp/~ishmnn/gallery/gp-image2.html .
Some related web sites: http://www.genarts.com/karl, http://www.accad.ohio-state.edu/~mlewis/AED/Faces/, http://draves.org/flame/ .