Evolutionary L-systems

Aus de_evolutionary_art_org
Wechseln zu: Navigation, Suche


McCormack, Jon: Evolutionary L-systems. In: Hingston & Barone & Michalewicz: Design by Evolution, Springer, Berlin, 2008. S. 169-198.




The problem confronting any contemporary artist wishing to use technology is in the relationship between algorithmic and creative processes. This relationship is traditionally a conflicting one, with the artist trying to bend and adapt to the rigour and exactness of the computational process, while aspiring for an unbounded freedom of expression. Software for creative applications has typically looked to artforms and processes from non-computational media as its primary source of inspiration and metaphor (e.g. the photographic darkroom, cinema and theatre, multi-track tape recording, etc.).

Extended Abstract


booktitle={Design by Evolution},
series={Natural Computing Series},
editor={Hingston, PhilipF. and Barone, LuigiC. and Michalewicz, Zbigniew},
title={Evolutionary L-systems},
url={http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-74111-4_10 http://de.evo-art.org/index.php?title=Evolutionary_L-systems },
publisher={Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
author={McCormack, Jon},

Used References

Abelson, H., DiSessa, A.: Turtle geometry: the computer as a medium for exploring mathematics. The MIT Press series in artificial intelligence. MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass. (1982)

Agin, G.: Representation and description of curved objects. Stanford Artificial Intelligence Report: Technical Memo AIM-173, Stanford, California (1972)

Bloomenthal, J., Barsky, B.: Modeling the mighty maple. In: Proceedings of the 12th annual conference on Computer graphics and interactive techniques, pp. 305–311. ACM, New York (1985)

Dawkins, R.: The Blind Watchmaker. Longman Scientific & Technical, Essex, UK (1986)

Dorin, A.: Aesthetic fitness and artificial evolution for the selection of imagery from the mythical infinite library. In: J. Kelemen, P. Sosík (eds.) Advances in Artificial Life. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 2159, pp. 659–668. Springer-Verlag (2001)

Gray, J.: Straw dogs: thoughts on humans and other animals. Granta Books, London (2002).

Hanan, J.: Parametric L-Systems and their application to the modelling and visualization of plants. Ph.D. thesis, University of Regina, Saskatchewan (1992)

Herman, G., Rozenberg, G.: Developmental Systems and Languages. North-Holland, Amsterdam (1975)

Kitano, H.: Designing neural networks using genetic algorithms with graph generation system. Complex Systems 4, 461–476 (1990)

Lindenmayer, A.: Mathematical models for cellular interactions in development, I and II. Journal of Theoretical Biology 18, 280–315 (1968)

McCormack, J.: The application of L-systems and developmental models to computer art, animation, and music synthesis. Ph.D. thesis, Monash University, Clayton (2003)

McCormack, J.: Aesthetic evolution of L-systems revisited. In: G. Raidl et al. (ed.) Applications of Evolutionary Computing (Evo Workshops 2004). Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3005, pp. 477–488. Springer-Verlag, Berlin (2004)

McCormack, J.: Generative modelling with timed L-systems. In: J. Gero (ed.) Design Computing and Cognition ′04, pp. 157–175. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht (2004)

McCormack, J.: Impossible nature: the art of Jon McCormack. Australian Centre for the Moving Image, Melbourne (2004)

McCormack, J.: Open problems in evolutionary music and art. In: E. Rothlauf et al. (ed.) Applications of Evolutionary Computing (Evo Workshops 2005) Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3449, pp. 428–436. Springer-Verlag, Berlin (2005)

Mech, R., Prusinkiewicz, P., Hanan, J.: Extensions to the graphical interpretation of L-systems based on turtle geometry. Technical report 1997-599-01, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada (1997)

Monod, J.: Chance and necessity — an essay on the natural philosophy of modern biology. Penguin, London (1971)

Parish, Y., Müller, P.: Procedural modeling of cities. In: Proceedings of the 28th annual conference on Computer graphics and interactive techniques, pp. 301–308, ACM, New York (2001)

Prusinkiewicz, P., Lindenmayer, A.: The algorithmic beauty of plants. Springer-Verlag, New York (1990)

Prusinkiewicz, P., Mündermann, L., Karwowski, R., Lane, B.: The use of positional information in the modeling of plants. In: Proceedings of the 28th annual conference on Computer graphics and interactive techniques, pp. 289–300. ACM, New York (2001)

Bozenberg, G., Salomaa, A.: The Mathematical Theory of L-systems. Academic Press, New York (1980)

Salomaa, A.: Formal Languages. Academic Press, New York (1973)

Sims, K.: Artificial evolution for computer graphics. In: Proceedings of the 18th annual conference on Computer graphics and interactive techniques, pp. 319–328. ACM, New York (1991)

Takagi, H.: Interactive evolutionary computation: fusion of the capabilities of EC optimization and human evaluation. Proceedings of the IEEE 89, 1275–1296 (2001)

Thom, R.: Structural stability and morphogenesis: an outline of a general theory of models, 1st English edn. W. A. Benjamin, Reading, Mass. (1975)

Wainwright, S.: Axis and circumference: the cylindrical shape of plants and animals. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass. (1988)

Zeide, B.: Analysis of growth equations. Forest Science 39, 594–616 (1993)


Full Text

[extern file]

intern file

Sonstige Links

McCormack: Interactive Evolution of L-System Grammars for Computer Graphics Modelling 1993