Fitness functions for ant colony paintings

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Penousal Machado, Hugo Amaro: Fitness functions for ant colony paintings. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Computational Creativity Computational Creativity 2013 ICCC 2013, pp. 32–39.



A creativity-support tool for the creation of non- photorealistic renderings of images is described. It employs an evolutionary algorithm that evolves the parame- ters governing the behavior of ant species, and the paintings are produced by simulating the behavior of these artificial ants. The design of fitness functions, using both behavioral and image features is discussed, emphasizing the rationale and intentions that guided the design. The analysis of the experimental results obtained by using different fitness functions focuses on assessing if they convey the intentions of the fitness function designer.

Extended Abstract


author = {Penousal Machado, Hugo Amaro},
title = {Fitness functions for ant colony paintings},
editor = {Simon Colton, Dan Ventura, Nada Lavrač, Michael Cook},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Computational Creativity},
series = {ICCC2013},
year = {2013},
month = {Jun},
location = {Sydney, New South Wales, Australia},
pages = {32–39},
url = {, },
publisher = {International Association for Computational Creativity},
keywords = {computational, creativity},

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