Natural Processes and Artificial Procedures

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Driessens, Erwin; Verstappen, Maria: Natural Processes and Artificial Procedures. In: Hingston & Barone & Michalewicz: Design by Evolution, Springer, Berlin, 2008. S. 101-120.



The boundaries between nature, culture and technology are increasingly fading. Nature has become increasingly less natural in everyday life and technological applications have become more and more natural. Our relation to nature has rested on technical control and scientific and economic analysis for many years. Technology is at a stage where it is virtually invisible, having become a natural part of our life. New worlds open up as boundaries disappear. If technology itself sets the preconditions for survival of existing species and ecosystems, as well as the development of new and artificial ones, then this becomes an inseparable part of our experience of nature.

Extended Abstract


booktitle={Design by Evolution},
series={Natural Computing Series},
editor={Hingston, PhilipF. and Barone, LuigiC. and Michalewicz, Zbigniew},
title={Natural Processes and Artificial Procedures},
url={ },
publisher={Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
author={Driessens, Erwin and Verstappen, Maria},

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