On the Development of Critics in Evolutionary Computation Artists

Aus de_evolutionary_art_org
Wechseln zu: Navigation, Suche


Romero, Juan; Machado, Penousal; Santos, Antonio; Cardoso, Amilcar: On the Development of Critics in Evolutionary Computation Artists. In: EvoMUSART 2003, S. 559-569.




One of the problems in the use of evolutionary computer systems in artistic tasks is the lack of artificial models of human critics. In this paper, based on the state of the art and on our previous related work, we propose a general architecture for an artificial art critic, and a strategy for the validation of this type of system. The architecture includes two modules: the analyser, which does a pre-processing of the artwork, extracting several measurements and characteristics; and the evaluator, which, based on the output of the analyser, classifies the artwork according to a certain criteria. The validation procedure consists of several stages, ranging from author and style discrimination to the integration of critic in a dynamic environment together with humans.

Extended Abstract


booktitle={Applications of Evolutionary Computing},
series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
editor={Cagnoni, Stefano and Johnson, ColinG. and Cardalda, JuanJ.Romero and Marchiori, Elena and Corne, DavidW. and Meyer, Jean-Arcady and Gottlieb, Jens and Middendorf, Martin and Guillot, Agnès and Raidl, GüntherR. and Hart, Emma},
title={On the Development of Critics in Evolutionary Computation Artists},
url={http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/3-540-36605-9_51 http://de.evo-art.org/index.php?title=On_the_Development_of_Critics_in_Evolutionary_Computation_Artists },
publisher={Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
author={Romero, Juan and Machado, Penousal and Santos, Antonio and Cardoso, Amilcar},

Used References

Johnson, C., Romero, J.: “Genetic Algorithms in Visual Art and Music”. In Leonardo. MIT Press. Cambridge MA Vol 35, (2). pp. 175–184. 2002

Bentley, P. J.: “Is Evolution Creative?”. In P. J. Bentley and D. Corne (Eds.), Proceedings of the AISB’99 Symposium on Creative Evolutionary Systems (CES), pp. 28–34. Published by The Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour (AISB). Edinburgh.1999.

Karnow, C. E.A.: “In collaboration with machines”. Leonardo, (30):4 pp 248. 1997

Burton, A. R., Vladimirova, T.: “Generation of musical sequences with genetic techniques”. Computer Music Journal, 23(4):59–73, Winter 1999.

Romero, J., Santos, A., Dorado, J., Arcay, B., Rodriguez, J.: “Evolutionary Computation System for Musical Composition”. In Mathematics and Computers in Modern Science, pp. 97–102. World Scientific and Engineering Society Press. 2000

Todd, P.M.: “Evolving musical diversity”. In Andrew Patrizio, Geraint A. Wiggins, and Helen Pain, Eds. Proceedings of the AISB’99 Symposium on Creative Evolutionary Systems. Society for Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour, pp. 40–48, 1999.

Biles, J. A.: “GenJam in Perspective: A Tentative Taxonomy for Genetic Algorithm Music and Art Systems”. In Wu, A.S. (Ed.), Workshop GAVAM 2000 Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, pp. 133–136. Morgan Kaufmann. San Francisco CA. 2000.

Horowitz, D.: “Generating rhythms with genetic algorithms”. In Proceedings of the 1994 International Computer Music Conference, 1994.

Jacob, B.L.: “Composing with genetic algorithms”. In Proceedings of the 1995 International Computer Music Conference, pages 452–455, 1995.

Jacob, B.L.: “Algorithmic composition as a model of creativity”. Organized Sound, 1(3):157–165, 1996.

Moroni, A., Zuben, Von F., Manzoli, J.: “Arbitration: Human machine interaction in musical domains”. In Leonardo. MIT Press. Cambridge MA, Vol. 35, (2). pp. 185–189. 2002.

Pazos, A., Santos, A., Dorado, J. and Romero, J.J.: “Genetic music compositor”. In P. Angeline, Z. Michalewicz, M. Schoenhauer, X. Yao, and A. Zalzala, Eds, Proceedings of the 1999 Congress on Evolutionary Computation, pp. 885–890, Vol. 2. IEEE Press. 1999.

Pazos, A., Santos, A., Dorado, J. and Romero, J.J.: “Adaptive aspects of rhythmic composition: Genetic music”. In W. Banzhaf, J. Daida, A. E. Eiben, M. H. Garzon, V. Honavar, M. Jakiela, and R. E. Smith, Eds., Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, page 1794, Vol. 2. Morgan Kaufmann, 1999.

Putnam, J. B.: “Genetic programming of music”. Technical Report, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, 1994.

Ralley, D.: “Genetic algorithms as a tool for melodic development”. In Proceedings of the 1995 International Computer Music Conference, pp. 501–502. 1995.

Haggerty, M.: “Evolution by aesthetics, an interview with W. Latham and S. Todd”..IEEE Computer Graphics, 11(2):5–9, March 1991.

Machado, P., Cardoso, A.: “NEvAr — The Assessment of an Evolutionary Art Tool”. In: Wiggins, G. (Ed.). Proceedings of the AISB’00 Symposium on Creative & Cultural Aspects and Applications of AI & Cognitive Science, Birmingham, UK, 2000.

Rosenman, M.A.: “The generation of form using evolutionary approach”. In D. Dasgupta and A. Michalewicz, Eds., Evolutionary algorithms in Engineering Applications. Springer, 1997.

Rowland, D. A.: “Computer Graphics Control over Human Face and Head Appearance”, Genetic Optimisation of Perceptual Characteristics. PhD thesis, University of St. Andrews, 1998.

Rowland, D. A, Biocca, F.: “Evolutionary Cooperative Design Methodology: The Genetic Sculpture Park”. In Leonardo. MIT Press. Cambridge MA Vol 35, (2). Pp. 193–196. 2002.

Sims, K.: “Artificial evolution for computer graphics”.Computer Graphics, 25(4):319–328, 1991.

Sims, K.: “Interactive evolution of dynamical systems”. In F.J. Varela and P. Bourgine, Eds., Towards a Practice of Autonomous Systems: Proceedings of the First European Conference on Artificial Life, pages 171–178. Mit Press, 1992.

Soddu, C.: “Recognizability of the idea: the evolutionary process of Argenia”. In A. Patrizio, G. A. Wiggins, and H. Pain, Eds., Proceedings of the AISB’99 Symposium on Creative Evolutionary Systems. Society for Artifical Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour, pages 18–27. 1999.

Todd, S. and Latham, W.: “Mutator, a subjective human interface for evolution of computer sculptures”. IBM United Kingdom Scientific Centre Report 248, 1991.

Unemi, T.: “SBART 2.4 An IEC Tool for Creating Two-Dimensional Images, Movies and Collages”. In Leonardo. MIT Press. Cambridge MA Vol 35, (2). pp. 189–192. 2002

Biles, J. A.: “GenJam: A genetic algorithm for generating jazz solos”, In Proceedings of the 1994 International Computer Music, 1994.

Papadopoulos, G. and Wiggins, G.A.: “A Genetic Algorithm for the Generation of Jazz Melodies”, In SteP’98. Proceedings of STeP’98: 8th Finnish Conference on Artificial Intelligence. September 7–9, 1998, Jyväskylä, Finland. 1998.

Biles, J. A., Anderson, P. G. and Loggi, L. W., “Neural Network Fitness Functions for an IGA”, in Proceedings of the International ICSC Symposium on Intelligent Industrial Automation (ISA’96) and Soft Computing (SOCO’96), 26–28 March 1996 (Reading, U.K.: ICSC Academic Press, 1996) pp. B39–B44. 1996.

Burton, A. R. and Vladimirova, T., “Genetic Algorithms Utilising Neural Network Fitness Evaluation for Musical Composition”, in G.D. Smith, N.C. Steele and R.F. Albrecht Eds., International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms Norwich, UK. pp. 220–224, Springer, 1997.

Spector, L. and Alpern, A.: “Criticism, Culture and the Automatic Generation of Artworks”, In Proceedings Twelfth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-94) August 1–4, pp. 3–8. AAAI Press. 1994.

Baluja, S., Pomerleau, D. and Todd, J.: “Towards Automated Artificial Evolution for Computer-Generated Images”, In “Connection Science” 6, No. 2, pp. 325–354. 1994.

Wiggins, G.A., Papadopoulos, G., Phon-Amnuaisuk, S. and Tuson, A.: “Evolutionary Methods for Musical Composition”, In International Journal of Computing Anticipatory Systems, 1(1), 1999.

McIntyre, R.A.: “Bach in a Box: The Evolution of Four-Part Baroque Harmony Using Genetic Algorithm”, In Proceedings of the 1994 IEEE International Conference on Evolutionary Computation, pp. 852–857, IEEE Press, 1994.

Todd, P.M. and Werner, G.M.: “Frankensteinian Methods for Evolutionary Music Composition”, In N. Griffith and P.M. Todd, Eds., Musical Networks: Parallel Distributed Perception and Performance. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998.

McAlpine, K., Miranda, E. and Hoggar, S.: “Making Music with Algorithms: A Case-Study System”, Computer Music Journal, 23, No. 2, 19–30. 1999.

Miranda, E.: “Granular Synthesis of Sounds by Means of a Cellular Automaton”, Leonardo, No. 4, 297–300. 1995.

Greenfield, G. R.: “On the Co-Evolution of Evolving Expressions, International Journal of Computational Intelligence and Applications”, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 17–31. 2002

Romero, J: “Metodología Evolutiva para la construcción de modelos cognitivos complejos. Exploración de la ‘creatividad artificial’ en composición musical” (In Spanish). Ph.D. Thesis. University of A Coruña. 2002.

Richard Dawkins: “The Blind Watchmaker”. Penguin, 1990.

Koza, J.: “Genetic Programming: On the Programming of Computers by Means of Natural Selection”. MIT Press. 1992.

Machado, P. and Cardoso, A.: “All the truth about NEvAr”. Applied Intelligence, Special issue on Creative Systems, 16(2):101–119. 2002

Arnheim, R.: “Entropy and Art”, University of California Press, 1971.

Arnheim, R.: “Art and Visual Perception: A Psychology of the Creative Eye”, University of California Press, 1954.

Machado, P., Dias, A., and Cardoso, A.: “Learning to Colour Greyscale Images”. The Interdisciplinary Journal of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour, 1(2), 2002.


Full Text


intern file

Sonstige Links