Unfolding Symmetric Fractal Trees
Bernat Espigulé Pons: Unfolding Symmetric Fractal Trees. In: Bridges 2013. Pages 295–302
This work shows how the angles and ratios of side to diagonal in the regular polygons generate interesting nested motifs by branching a canonical trunk recursively. The resulting fractal trees add new material to the theory of proportions, and may prove useful to other fields such as tessellations, knots and graphs. I call these families of symmetric fractal trees harmonic fractal trees because their limiting elements, i.e., when the polygon is a circle, have the overtones or harmonics of a vibrating string 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, ... as their scaling branch ratios. The term harmonic is also used here to distinguish them from other types of self-contacting symmetric fractal trees that don’t have a constantly connected tip set under a three-dimensional unfolding process. Binary harmonic trees represent well-known L ́evy and Koch curves, while higher-order harmonic trees provide new families of generalized fractal curves. The maps of the harmonic fractal trees are provided as well as the underlying parametric equations.
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