What to Expect when you’re Expecting: The Role of Unexpectedness in Computationally Evaluating Creativity

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Kazjon Grace and Mary Lou Maher: What to Expect when you’re Expecting: The Role of Unexpectedness in Computationally Evaluating Creativity. In: Computational Creativity 2014 ICCC 2014, 120-128.



Novelty, surprise and transformation of the domain have each been raised – alone or in combination – as accompa- niments to value in the determination of creativity. Spir- ited debate has surrounded the role of each factor and their relationships to each other. This paper suggests a way by which these three notions can be compared and contrasted within a single conceptual framework, by describing each as a kind of unexpectedness. Using this framing we argue that current computational mod- els of novelty, concerned primarily with the originality of an artefact, are insufficiently broad to capture creativ- ity, and that other kinds of expectation – whatever the terminology used to refer to them – should also be con- sidered. We develop a typology of expectations relevant to computational creativity evaluation and, through it describe a series of situations where expectations would be essential to the characterisation of creativity.

Extended Abstract


author = {Kazjon Grace and Mary Lou Maher},
title = {What to Expect when you’re Expecting: The Role of Unexpectedness in Computationally Evaluating Creativity},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Computational Creativity},
series = {ICCC2014},
year = {2014},
month = {Jun},
location = {Ljubljana, Slovenia},
pages = {120-128},
url = {http://computationalcreativity.net/iccc2014/wp-content/uploads/2014/06//8.2_Grace.pdf, http://de.evo-art.org/index.php?title=What_to_Expect_when_you’re_Expecting:_The_Role_of_Unexpectedness_in_Computationally_Evaluating_Creativity },
publisher = {International Association for Computational Creativity},
keywords = {computational, creativity},

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