Zipf’s law, music classification and aesthetics

Aus de_evolutionary_art_org
Wechseln zu: Navigation, Suche


Manaris, B., Romero, J., Machado, P., Krehbiel, D., Hirzel, T., Pharr, W., Davis, R. (2005). Zipf’s law, music classification and aesthetics. Computer Music Journal, 29(1): 55–69.



Extended Abstract


Used References

Adamic, L. A., and B. A. Huberman. 2000. “The Nature of Markets in the World Wide Web.” Quarterly Journal of Electronic Commerce 1(1):5–12.

Anderson, C. M. 2000. “From Molecules to Mindfulness: How Vertically Convergent Fractal Time Fluctuations Unify Cognition and Emotion.” Consciousness & Emotion 1:2:193–226.

Arnheim, R. 1971. Entropy and Art: An Essay on Disor- der and Order. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Aucouturier, J.-J., and F. Pachet. 2003. “Representing Mu- sical Genre: A State of the Art.” Journal of New Music Research 32(1):83–93.

Bak, P. 1996. How Nature Works: The Science of Self- Organized Criticality. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Bak, P., C. Tang, and K. Wiesenfeld. 1987. “Self-Organized Criticality: An Explanation for 1/f Noise.” Physical Re- view Letters 59:381–384.

Barrett, L. F., and J. A. Russell. 1999. “The Structure of Current Affect: Controversies and Emerging Consen- sus.” Current Directions in Psychological Science 8(1):10–14.

Burgos, J. D., and P. Moreno-Tovar. 1996 “Zipf-Scaling Behavior in the Immune System.” Biosystems 39(3): 227–232.

Eco, U. 1986. Art and Beauty in the Middle Ages. H. Bredin, trans. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Elliot, J., and E. Atwell. 2000. “Is Anybody Out There? The Detection of Intelligent and Generic Language- Like Features.” Journal of the British Interplanetary Society 53(1/2):13–22.

Ferrer Cancho, R., and R. V. Solé. 2003. “Least Effort and the Origins of Scaling in Human Language.” Proceed- ings of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A 100(3):788–791.

Hsu, K. J., and A. Hsu. 1991. “Self-Similarity of the ‘1/f Noise’ Called Music.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A. 88(8):3507–3509.

Li, W. 1992. “Random Texts Exhibit Zipf’s-Law-Like Word Frequency Distribution.” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory 38(6):1842–1845.

Li, W. 1998. “Letter to the Editor.” Complexity 3(5):9–10.

Li, W., and Y. Yang. 2002. “Zipf’s Law in Importance of Genes for Cancer Classification using Microarray Data.” Journal of Theoretical Biology 219:539–551.

Livio, M. 2002. The Golden Ratio. New York: Broadway Books.

Machado, P., et al. 2003. “Power to the Critics—A Frame- work for the Development of Artificial Critics.” Pro- ceedings of 3rd Workshop on Creative Systems, 18th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelli- gence (IJCAI 2003). Coimbra, Portugal: Center for Informatics and Systems, University of Coimbra, pp. 55–64.

Machado, P., et al. 2004. “Adaptive Critics for Evolutionary Artists.” Proceedings of EvoMUSART2004—2nd European Workshop on Evolutionary Music and Art. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 437–446.

Manaris, B., T. Purewal, and C. McCormick. 2002. “Pro- gress Towards Recognizing and Classifying Beautiful Music with Computers: MIDI-Encoded Music and the Zipf-Mandelbrot Law.” Proceedings of the IEEE South- eastCon 2002. New York: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, pp. 52–57.

Manaris, B., et al. 2003. “Evolutionary Music and the Zipf-Mandelbrot Law: Progress towards Developing Fit- ness Functions for Pleasant Music.” Proceedings of EvoMUSART2003—1st European Workshop on Evolu- tionary Music and Art. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 522–534.

Mandelbrot, B. B. 1977. The Fractal Geometry of Nature. New York: W. H. Freeman.

Maslov, S., C. Tang, and Y.-C. Zhang. 1999. “1/f Noise in Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld Models on Narrow Stripes.” Physical Review Letters 83(12):2449–2452.

May, M. 1996. “Did Mozart Use the Golden Section?” American Scientist 84(2):118.

Meyer, L. B. 2001. “Music and Emotion: Distinctions and Uncertainties.” In P. N. Juslin and J. A. Sloboda, eds. Music and Emotion—Theory and Research. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 341–360.

Miranda, E. R. 2001. Composing Music with Computers. Oxford: Focal Press.

Miranda, E. R., et al. 2003. “On Harnessing the Electroen- cephalogram for the Musical Braincap.” Computer Mu- sic Journal 27(2):80–102.

Nettheim, N. 1997. “A Bibliography of Statistical Appli- cations in Musicology.” Musicology Australia 20:94– 106.

Pampalk E., S. Dixon, and G. Widmer. 2004. “Exploring Music Collections by Browsing Different Views.” Computer Music Journal 28(2):49–62.

Ritossa, D. A., and N. S. Rickard. 2004. “The Relative Utility of ‘Pleasantness’ and ‘Liking’ Dimensions in Predicting the Emotions Expressed in Music.” Psychol- ogy of Music 32(1):5–22.

Salingaros, N. A., and B. J. West. 1999. “A Universal Rule for the Distribution of Sizes.” Environment and Plan- ning B: Planning and Design 26:909–923.

Schroeder, M. 1991. Fractals, Chaos, Power Laws: Min- utes from an Infinite Paradise. New York: W. H. Freeman.

Schubert, E. 1996. “Enjoyment of Negative Emotions in Music: An Associative Network Explanation.” Psy- chology of Music 24(1):18–28.

Schubert, E. 2001. “Continuous Measurement of Self- Report Emotional Response to Music.” In P. N. Juslin and J. A. Sloboda, eds. Music and Emotion—Theory and Research. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 393–414.

Spehar, B., et al. 2003. “Universal Aesthetic of Fractals.” Computers and Graphics 27:813–820.

Taylor, R. P., A. P. Micolich, and D. Jonas. 1999. “Fractal Analysis Of Pollock’s Drip Paintings.” Nature 399:422.

Tzanetakis, G., G. Essl, and P. Cook. 2001. “Automatic Musical Genre Classification of Audio Signals.” Pro- ceedings of 2nd Annual International Symposium on Music Information Retrieval. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, pp. 205–210.

Voss, R. F., and J. Clarke. 1975. “1/f Noise in Music and Speech.” Nature 258:317–318.

Voss, R. F., and J. Clarke. 1978. “1/f Noise in Music: Mu- sic from 1/f Noise.” Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 63(1):258–263.

Wolfram, S. 2002. A New Kind of Science. Champaign, Illinois: Wolfram Media.

Zhang, K., and T. J. Sejnowski. 2000. “A Universal Scaling Law between Gray Matter and White Matter of Cere- bral Cortex.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A 97(10):5621–5626.

Zipf, G. K. 1949. Human Behavior and the Principle of Least Effort. New York: Addison-Wesley.


Full Text

intern file

Sonstige Links